I recorded every coins and calculated it all cost everyday. Bus fee and even money for post stamps and a newspaper. – Gandhi’s autobiography
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (1869~1948, India)
The high souled leader of the Indian. Named “Father of the Nation”. He first employed nonviolent civil disobedience in British-ruled India.
Gandhi was born in a hobor city Porbandar, India. When British ruled India, he left to England for law school in his age 19. He experienced the racial discrimination in London. There was an episode in the train to Pretoria. He seated in carrying first class train ticket and an European passenger was coming to him seeking seat. This man complained that Gandhi was seated in first class and let him throw out of the train by train conductor because only he is Indian.
Gandhi started civil right activity against racism and injustice in South Africa. The National Congress in South Africa decided to remove the right to vote of Indian. The time in South Africa became a turning point to the nonviolental disobedience movement named campaign “Satyagraha”. His moves for World Peace has been inspiring across the world so far.
Nobody can hurt me without my permission
His campaign “Satyagraha”
The White rulers were bent on keeping South Africa under their domination. They wanted as few Indians there as possible and that too as slave-labourers. In Transvaal, Indians were required to register themselves. The procedure was humiliating. The registration was proposed to be made stricter in 1906. Gandhi realized that it was a matter of life or death for the Indians. A mammoth meeting was held in September 1906 to oppose the bill. People took oath in the name of God not to submit to the bill at any cost. A new principle had come into being – the principle of Satyagraha.
The bill about registration was however passed. Picketing against registration was organized. A wave of courage and enthusiasm swept the Indian community. The Indian community rose as one man for the sake of its survival and dignity.
The agitation was first called ‘passive Resistance’. Gandhi, however, did not like that term. It did not convey the true nature of the struggle. It implied that it was the weapon of the weak and the disarmed. It did not denote complete faith in nonviolence. Moreover, Gandhi did not like that the Indian struggle should be known by an English name. The term ‘Sadagrah’ was suggested. Gandhi changed it to ‘Satyagrah’ to make it represent fully, the whole idea.
Satyagraha means asserting truth through non-violence. It aims at converting the opponents through self-suffering.
Gandhi was ordered to leave the colony. He disobeyed and was jailed for two months. Indians filled the jails. Repression failed to yield the results. General Smuts called Gandhi and promised that the law would be withdrawn if the Indians agreed to voluntary registration.
Be the change that you wish to see in the world